How Were The Persia And China Influenced By Mongol Conquests How Were The Mongols Transformed By – Admission/Application Essay Example
Mongolian Empire The extent of Mongolian invasion is not limited within a short span. The series of ferocious conquest made the nomadic tribe of the Central Asia one of the leading warrior clan of the world and gained the Mongolian the well deserved name, fame and glory in the world history. The relentless trial for conquest started form the Mongol military expedition in the steppes of central Asia during the early decade of the 13th century to the expiry of Timur, the great Mongolian conqueror and King in 1405. The world history mostly view the Mongolian invasion as a savage assault inflicted by a backward and people of barbaric in nature on the world’s most developed centers of human progress and civilization and ancient cities of the world. Mongolian invasion is also viewed as the threat to other religions such as Christianity, Buddhism and Confucians. The Mongol invaders are told by many historians as “hordes” and they were displayed as the scourge of Islam. But the Mongolian invasion also had far-reaching effect on Persia and China. The main effects were the change in their society, trade and economy and military strategy. It is very true that in both the countries Islam was made popular by choice or force by the Mongols. In respect to military strategy, highly skilled warfare techniques were incorporated in the military schemes of both the countries. The merchant travelers could easily pass from Asia to Europe due to the code of law that was promulgated by Chinggis Khan. In the interaction of civilization from the western hemisphere that is Persia to Eastern Hemisphere in China apart from devastation Mongolian invasion also paved the way for growth, prosperity, peace and harmony to both the nations.
The Mongolian invasion not only influenced Chinese and Persian civilization. The Mongols also were counter – affected by the rich heritage and ancient civilization of China and Persia. Kublai Khan was much influenced by many rich heritage and sophisticated way of Chinese living and tried to percolate an organized, institutionalized way of living in their own nomadic lifestyle. Chinese architecture was largely adopted by the Mongols and apart from these their music, literature and art were largely accepted. The Chinese way of education and governance and the most important facet, the regulation and system of civil administration and law was greatly taken from China. In short, the Chinese civilization influenced the Mongolian to discard their nomadic way of living by considerable extent. Persia influenced the Mongols in terms of their economic reforms, their way of executing trade and especially their religious belief along with benevolence, spacious tolerant religious outlook that touched the Mongols to a great extent. Thus, the invasion of the Mongolian tribe does not posses devastative perspective only. From its constructive end, it paved a great gate-way for cross-cultural enrichment and exchanges that is quite important too.
Guisippi, Robert. “The Last Great Nomadic Challenges - From Chinggis Khan To Timur”. May 13, 2010. World History Center. 1992.