Fiber – Article Example

Dietary Fiber for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis The article offers an insightful relationship between diabetes control and fibre intake. To this end, the article investigates whether an upsurge in fibre intake affects fasting blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin in persons infected with type 2 diabetes mellitus (Post, King & Simpson, 2012). The purpose of study in the article comes against the background of knowledge that lifestyle modification plays a vital role in diabetes management. Evidently, some of the peer reviewed literature in the article provide evidence on the role of medical nutrition therapy in diabetes management. To this end, Bantle et al from the American Diabetes Association have stated that medical nutritional therapy plays a significant part in the reduction of glycosylated hemoglobin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(Post, King & Simpson, 2012). In addition, Yu-Poth et al. in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition have shown that medical nutritional therapy results to low density lipoprotein cholesterol. In particular, the intake of food rich in fibre assists in the treatment of diabetes. The overall thesis is that dietary intake of fibre among type 2 diabetes patients is beneficial, and an effective disease management strategy. To this end, the article delves into random studies in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients that have been subsequently published between January 1, 1980 and 31st December 2010. The studies investigated the increase in dietary fibre intake as diabetes disease management.
Evidently, the article identified the dietary fibre types as cereal, guar gum, beet fibre and leguminous. Moreover, the high fibre diet was administered at 42.4 g versus an 18.9 g controlled fibre diet. In addition, both diets were similar in proportion of cholesterol, fat and protein. According to a study conducted by Ziai (2005), soluble and insoluble dietary fibre in 5.1 g in 250 mL was administered twice a day in prior to morning and evening meals.
Consequently, the outcome of fasting blood sugar and HbA1c were evaluated. The literatures reviewed in conducting the research were drawn from PubMed and OVID materials. Consequently, a meta-analysis was conducted on the studies in order to establish the amount of increase fibre intake on fasting blood glucose and HbA1c on type 2 diabetes patients. Evidently, the results indicated that fifteen studies were congruent with exclusion and inclusion criteria. To this end, the results indicated a general mean difference of placebo in comparison to fiber. As a result, the fasting blood sugar showed a reduction of 0.85 mmol/L. In addition, the fibre intake also exhibited a decrease of HbA1c (0.26%) to placebo. Consequently proving that dietary fibre supplements minimize HbA1c and fasting blood glucose.
Post, R. E., King, D. E., & Simpson, K. N. (2012). Dietary Fiber for the Treatment of Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of the American Board of Family
Medicine, 25(1), 16-23.