Critical Incidents Response Questions – Assignment Example
Week Discussion Questions What is structural conflict and how does it affect critical incidents response? Structural conflict is defined as problems that arise from hierarchy in organizations, which create inequality in bargaining power. Structural conflicts affect critical incidents because they can shift momentum in any given situation. In essence, a structural conflict theory attempts to explain conflict, which is produced from critical incidents. Since critical incidents are significant events that impact a particular organization, it becomes vital that the foundation of hierarchy is strong in order to avoid structural conflict.
2. Compare and contrast critical incidents response paradigms and its affect on structural conflict.
The critical incidents response does have some impact on structural conflict. For example, when a contagious disease breaks, the ICS organization must not only control the disease but at the same time evaluate and treat victims. In this situation, it structural conflict becomes common since demands for coordination overlap along with giving proper command of chain to a particular individual. Too often, this could delay response, which obviously is detrimental for the victims. Even though the ICS system is well-maintained and developed, the effectiveness of response in any given situation can be slow.
3. Give other examples of how an “all hazards” approach may work with nongovernmental organizations.
The “all hazards” approach is an idea that deals with disaster management. The destructions caused by Hurricane Katrina influenced other agencies to adapt the “all hazards” approach. The “all hazards” approach calls for threat assessment, critical assessment, vulnerable assessment, risk assessment, and finally planning. All these approaches can be adapted by the non-government organizations in order to be fully functional. Moreover, any non-government organization can use this approach in order to develop public relations and fund their organizations.
Week 2 Discussion Questions
Introduction to the NIMS (National Incident Management System)
1. What is meant by the term “new normalcy”?
The term “new normalcy” was an idea that was developed by NIMS in order to analyze any domestic situation that is associated with the Weapons of Mass destruction. It calls for the United States to be more prepared for an attack while maintaining the integrity of the constitution. It is the first line of defense currently implemented in order to ensure that the country is prepared, ready for any attack. Lastly, this was implemented post September 11 attacks in American
Integration of the ICS (Incident Command System)
2. What position within the ICS system must be filled on every incident?
The ICS system has developed set of guidelines that must be strictly followed. The components of ICS consist of 5 steps. The five steps consist of: Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Finance. In addition, there are 5 major activities that must be filled on every incident. There must be clear chain of command, must be flexibility, and delegation of authority. Furthermore, everyone should work together to manage an emergency.
3. To which position would a Legal Counsel most likely report in the ICS?
A legal counsel is needed in situations where the issue of legality might conflict with the ICS. For example, a legal counsel is needed in matters such as emergency declarations, evacuation orders, and legal and adoption rights along with media access in critical situations. It is essential that legal counsels are present for the betterment of the long-term goals set by the organization along with financial matters that conflict with the company’s interest.
4. Explain the importance of using common terminology when communicating.
The usage of terminology is extremely vital because it ensures confidentiality and specifies a certain emergency. In addition, using the proper terminology enables the rescuers to understand and comprehend what the situation is exactly. Common terminology must not only be learned but implemented in daily situations by individuals. Any organization coming into an incident using ICS already understands what the various positions and organizational units are, and what they are responsible for, regardless of where in the country the incident occurs.
5. When should an Incident Action Plan transition from an outline to a written document?
An Incident Action Plan should transition from an outline to a written document when incidents become more complex in a grand-scale. It should be written when outlines become difficult to follow. An Incident Action Plan describes the overall strategy for managing an incident. In addition, it includes the identification of operational resources and assignments, and attachments that provide direction and other important management information. The written aspect must be clear and simple so individuals can use it quickly and efficiently.
6. What is the Logistics Section responsible for?
The Logistics Section is responsible for providing services and support to meet all incident or event needs, which excluded air command. In addition, the Logistics Chief is responsible with providing all resources, services, and support required by the incident. Moreover, the logistics sections order all resources from off-incident locations, and it also provides facilities, transportation, supplies, equipment maintenance, fueling, and feeding. These are the responsibilities of the logistics section.
7. What two primary areas are the responsibility of the Compensation and Claims Unit?
The two primary areas that the Compensation and Claims unit are responsible for are recording all injuries to document personnel and to compensate the victims. This duty may also include civilians and bystanders. The main task of this department is to do fill out all the adequate preliminary documentation and investigation of events. These events can include damages to personal property, personal injuries, and handle all necessary claims.
8. If you were the commander, how would you have set up the command structure during the Virginia Tech massacre on April 16, 2007, using the NIMS?
In this particular situation, I would set up my command structure in this way. First, I would have an EMS on scene. Secondly, I would create a plan in which patients are stabilized in hospitals. Third, I would make sure that my procedures are written in a document rather than an outline. The command chain would follow as: a Virginia Tech Rescue Command, who is the head of the command. Under his command are two other officials, a police liaison and a rescue EMS officer. The police liaison is the head person who would be in charge of the medical technicians along with local police officers. The rescue EMS officer will also have some medical experts under his leadership along with local rescuers, school officers, and local students.
US Department of health and human Services. “Emergencies and Disasters.” Washington: GPO, 2009. Web. 17 May 2010.