Environmental Impact Assessment – Assignment Example

Order # 423716 d 23rd March Environmental Impact Assessment of the development of land from 135th to 141st St west of the campus The role ofenvironmental protection has been gaining significance in the recent years due to concerns for environmental pollution resulting from intensified construction and transportation activities. Hence, this calls for development of new techniques that are environmental friendly causing less pollution in the atmosphere. At the same time, the concept of energy conservation is gaining importance and efforts are being done to develop measures to reduce the energy losses. At times, the old structures may result in huge energy loss which can be controlled by renovation or complete replacement with new structures. In the present assignment, the development of land from 135th to 141st St west of the campus necessitates displacing and demolishing existing residential and business buildings and construction of new structures would result in saving significant amount of energy. This would provide space for more number of people than the earlier structure and the energy would be saved by the use of less use of reflecting materials like cement and iron. This would certainly minimize the pressure on mining activities and their related atmospheric pollution. The newly constructed materials will be green or plant products so that the reflectance of energy and energy loss will be minimum and the unit space required for person will be efficiently designed so that the more number of people would be accommodated with lesser amount of construction materials. The regulations for the construction of new structures should be in tune with the guidelines of Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) green building rating systems formulated by the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) (Office of Environmental Coordination, 2008) and it should meet the environmental quality norms prescribed by CEQR (City Environmental Quality Review).
The other important measures to be practiced for successful conservation of energy are as follows:
a. The plant products have to replace the synthetic products which will save significant amount of energy. It will also reduce the pressure on mining activities.
b. The water conservation practices like roof rain water harvesting techniques and ground water recharge practices have to be strictly implemented.
c. Nature friendly and plant derived color paints have to be used for the new building.
d. All energy saving devices like solar heaters and wind mills have to be efficiently utilized so that the renewable energy sources would be tapped effectively (US Department of Energy, 2001).
This project needs to collect the data related to energy like emission rate of radiation from the structures used in old and new structures, the heat loss the form of fabric heat loss and ventilation heat loss, ground water recharge rate in old and new structures and environmental load due to materials used in old and new structures in addition to regular observations related to energy flow (table 1 and table2).
Table 1: Energy flow in old structures
Facility
sq-ft
BTUs/sq-ft/yr.
sq-ft
BTUs/sq-ft/yr.
Sub Total BTUs

(before 1978)
(Before 1978)
(after 1978)
(after 1978)

Data Processing





Education





Education





Food Service





Health Care





Lodging





Mercantile & Service





Office





Parking Garage





Public Assembly





Public Order & Safety





Religious Worship





Warehouse & Storage





Gross Total BTUs

Ground water recharge rate
Environmental load
Table 2: Energy flow in new structures
Facility
sq-ft
BTUs/sq.ft/yr.
Sub Total BTUs
Data Processing



Education



Education



Food Service



Health Care



Lodging



Mercantile & Service



Office



Parking Garage



Public Assembly



Public Order & Safety



Religious Worship



Warehouse & Storage



Gross Total BTUs

Ground water recharge rate
Environmental load
References
US Department of Energy (DOE). (2001). Concentrating solar power : Energy from mirrors, DOE-GO-102001-1147, March 2001. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy01osti/28751.pdf.
Office of Environmental Coordination. (2008). Mayor’s Office of Operation. Local Law 86 of 2005 Annual Report. http://www.nyc.gov/html/oec/html/sustain/ll86_2008_an_rep.shtml.