Types Of Crimes – Assignment Example
Unit 3 Assignment: Theft of Makoto’s Laptop and Section Unit 3 Assignment: Theft of Makoto’s Laptop In the first scenario, the crime committed by Sarah was Larceny. According to the US Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation [FBI] (2006), Larceny is the “unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another” (Crimes in the United States, p. 49). In this scenario, passing Makoto’s laptop as hers constitutes theft. Moreover, there was no confrontation between Sarah and Makoto; Makoto was not present when Sarah took his laptop. Lastly there was no use of force when Sarah stole the unattended laptop from the porch.
In the second scenario, Sarah held Makoto at gunpoint to force him to give up his laptop. This is an example of robbery. Robbery is the act of taking or attempting to take money or anything of value—in this case, a laptop, from the possession of another person with the use or threat of force or violence. This is done to strike fear and coerce the victim to give up his possession (as cited in FBI, 2006, p. 31). When Sarah pointed a gun on Makoto, the act of felony already involves violence regardless whether Sarah has the intention of shooting Makoto or not. The gun was used to strike fear in Makoto to force him to give up his laptop.
In the third and last scenario, Sarah committed burglary. The crime is burglary because there was breaking and entering or unlawful entry with the intention to commit theft (as cited in FBI, 2006, p. 25). Sarah breaks into Makoto’s house by damaging the lock of the front door with the intent of taking the laptop. Also, there was no threat of violence and there was no confrontation between Sarah and Makoto.
US Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation (2006). Crime in the United States 2004. Retrieved from http://www.fbi.gov/filelink.html?file=/ucr/cius_04/documents/CIUS2004.pdf