Article 3 A Illustrated Time Line 1945 1997 – Coursework Example
Political changes and society in UK By Introduction Since 1945, different changes in political landscape have caused profound changes to UK as well as its citizens (Norris, 1997). UK’S political landscape is characterised by different leaders from Labour party ant Conservative party. A number of political changes since 1945 have shaped the current society in UK. Changes in political landscape have been a major driver of change among UK citizens in the past years.
UK emerged victorious in World War II that ended in 1945. The Labour party came to power 1945-1951: Clement Attlee became the prime minister and created an all-inclusive welfare position. It established the National Health Service where all UK citizens were entitled to free healthcare services. Old age payment was as well established at the same time to cater for the old who could not work. These improved the quality of life among UK citizens because the government cared for their basic needs (Glennerster, 1995).
The conservatives assumed power in between 1951-1955: Winston Churchill was re-elected as the prime minister. He only retained most reforms made earlier. 1955-1957: Sir Anthony Eden replaced Churchill. His era was characterised by poor economy and the Suez crisis. Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Conservative, and 1963-1964: introduced firm trade union organization. Harold Wilson, Labour party, 1964-1970: He oversaw a number of social reforms for instance banning of capital punishment, banning death penalty and decriminalization of abortion as well as homosexuality. He also made reforms in health, education, and articulated for gender equality. Since that time, UK citizens got freedom to engage in such behaviours freely (Evans, 1999).
Edward Heath of conservative party, 1970-1974: UK joins European community during the period of industrial changes and economic challenges. He contributed to growth of economy in UK (Black, 2004). The growths in economy due to different political changes have led to better living standards among UK citizens with most of them living above the poverty line. 1974-1976: Harold Wilson of labour party was elected the second time. He focused on major reforms that were made earlier concerning health, education, gender equality, and eradication of poverty that greatly affected wealthy people’s tax and increased rate of unemployment (Charles, 2002).
James Callaghan of labour party, 1976-1979: he ensured improvement in Race Relations Act. Margaret Thatcher, conservative party, served 1979-1990: she made significant changes in housing act for example people to have a right to buy a home. In addition to this, she led to privatisation of national industries. She introduced poll tax that led to rebellion from citizens. 1990-1997: John Major of the Conservative assumes power. His leadership led to significant growth in the economy of UK.
Norris, P. (1997). Electoral change in Britain since 1945. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
Charles, N. (2002). Gender in modern Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Glennerster, H. (1995). British social policy since 1945. Oxford: Blackwell.
Evans, G. (1999). Critical elections British parties and voters in long-term perspective. London: SAGE.
Black, J. (2004). Britain since the seventies: Politics and society in the consumer age. London: Reaktion.