Critical Reaction – Coursework Example
The Rise and Spread of Christianity Even though Christianity was born in the Middle East, its impact and significance was realized in the Roman Empire. Christianity’s prevalence is closely linked with the rise of the Roman Empire under the rule of Constantine and Diocletian. The political intervention by Constantine, can be attributed as being responsible for the spread of Christianity across the Roman Empire and Europe. His institutionalization of Christianity contributed greatly to the rise of Christianity. The prosperity of the Empire meant that there were better infrastructure, which facilitated missionaries to spread the gospel of Christianity (Noble et al., 54).
Additionally, the use of Christianity as the official religion in the Roman Empire, was responsible for the unification of the kingdom and led to the growth of various institutions like the army. However, the spread of Christianity also relied on the ability of missionaries to assimilate people using their own language. For example, missionaries in Constantinople used Greek to convert pagans. Even though Christianity unified diverse people in the empire, it was responsible for the decline of other sectors such as art and literature.
The Rise and Spread of Islam
Like Christianity, Islam was born in the Middle East courtesy of Prophet Muhammad. Muhammad is responsible for its establishment, but there are other factors that contributed to its spread, such as the presence of suitable political conditions. In Islam’s case, the place that offered this political atmosphere is Yathrib.
One feature that is constant with almost all religions is that they are all borne out of persecution, but once the religion begins to spread, its initial message of reform and co-existence is replaced with dictatorial sentiments and radicalism. For example, once Islam took root in Yathrib, Muhammad exiled Jews, who before the spread of Islam had coexisted with Arabs. With religion, there is no compromise. It is either you follow the principles of the religion or you face the violent consequences. Like Christianity, Islam benefitted from political support, as evidenced by the fact that there was no distinction between religion and government.
Noble, Mathews and Thomas, Platt. Experience Humanities, Volume 1 [8th ed]. McGraw-Hill Higher Education: Kindle Edition., 2013. Print.