Prison Administration – Coursework Example

Prison Administration al Affiliation) Primary Goals of Prison Administration In order to manage prisons in current complex environment, prison administrators must be proficient in handling multiple responsibilities and duties of a manager, leader, and supervisor. Furthermore, the prison administrators not only assume these responsibilities within prisons but also extend into the local community (Mays, 2009). This paper discusses the primary roles of prison administrators and highlights some of the factors that affect the administrators in meeting the goals. The paper divides the roles of prison administrative roles into managerial, leadership and supervisory roles.
Leadership Roles
Prison administrators are responsible for defining the mission of prisons and setting objectives to achieve the mission. Prison administrators also establish policies that guide the actions of staff and the daily operations of the prison (Cornelius, 2010). Employee motivation is crucial in enhancing productivity of workers. Prison administrators motivate staff members and ensure the alignment of staff’s individual objectives with the prison’s goals. The administrators also serve as a link to the community and local criminal justice system (Montilla, 1978).
Managerial Roles
Prison administrators monitor activities and assess results by collecting and evaluating performance data on consistent basis. They also implement policies by giving staff directives, train staff on the directives, and supervise staff as they execute the directives. Prison administrators also disseminate information to staff and inmates and to criminal justice system and the community. They also manage and allocate budgets, staff, and other resources. Furthermore, they solve problems and take pre-cautionary measures on issues before they worsen into problems (Mays, 2009).
Supervisory Roles
Prison administrators oversee the day-to-day operations of the prison. They also monitor compliance with standards, policy, and legal requirements by establishing a logical internal inspection and evaluation process. Prison administrators also mentor and coach staff to elicit good conduct and nurture talent (Montilla, 1978).
Factors that affect Administrators in Achieving Goals
Court involvement in prison matters means that prison administrators have to play their roles within the context of legislations that define prisoners’ rights in a setting of crowded prisons and inadequate government funding (Cornelius, 2010). Another factor that affects administrators in achieving these goals is administrative liability. This is the failure by the administrator to train and supervise staff (Mays, 2009).
References
Cornelius, G. F. (2010). The correctional officer: a practical guide (2nd Ed.). Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press.
Mays, G. L., & Winfree, L. T. (2009).Essentials of Corrections (4th Ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Montilla, M. R. (1978). Prison employee unionism: management guide for correctional administrators. Washington: National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, U.S. Dept. of Justice.