Research Methodologies For Global Public Health – Coursework Example
CHINA AND INDIA HEALTHCARE Introduction As compared to the developing countries China and India jointly, denote more than 35 percent of humanity. Mutually, the states have elevated hundreds of millions of population out of poverty in the last two decades. Though, the developmental challenges, that India and China have yet to conquer, are enormous. The public health division is a critical part of this problem (Mahal et.al. 2008).
Both India and China are positioned 95th and 75th respectively in the Social Progress Index’s ‘Health and Wellness’ segment, at the same time as the corresponding rankings in the ‘Nutrition and Basic Medical Care’ were 97th and 68th; the figures are equally unappealing. In the more traditional UN’s Human Development Index (HDI), which include health, education, and income variables, India and China ranked a desolate 136th and 101st in 2013. Either way complete views it; the indications deceive total health policy collapse in two of the world’s most famous states (Popkin et.al.2001).
Together India and China are insufficient of luster state contribution in the health sector. While public health spending as a percent of GDP in the U.S. is in surplus of 7 percent and approximately between 6 to 8 percent in EU countries, particularly in India and China the equivalent figures were correspondingly a meager between 1.4 and 2.3 percent in the year 2012 (Mahal et.al. 2008).
The existing evidence proposes that the poor in developing countries typically do share in the achievement from rising collective wealth, and in the losses from aggregate contraction. However, there are distinctive differences between countries in how degree of how poor people share in the growth, and there are various impacts between the poor in a given country. Data problems cloud Cross-country relationship, and indeed hide welfare implication; they can be misleading for development policy. There is a call for deeper micro pragmatic work on growth and distributional change. Only then will we have a rigid basis for recognizing the precise policies and programs that are required to complement growth-oriented policies (Rosenzweig et al. 2003).
Yip, W., & Mahal, A. (2008). The health care systems of China and India: performance and future challenges. Health Affairs, 27(4), 921-932.
Popkin, B. M., Horton, S., Kim, S., Mahal, A., & Shuigao, J. (2001). Trends in diet, nutritional status, and diet‐related noncommunicable diseases in China and India: The economic costs of the nutrition transition. Nutrition reviews, 59(12), 379-390.
Rosenzweig, M. R., & Wolpin, K. I. (1993). Credit market constraints, consumption smoothing, and the accumulation of durable production assets in low-income countries: Investments in bullocks in India. Journal of political economy, 223-244.