Scientific Method – Coursework Example

Scientific Method Affiliation: Identify and briefly explain the eight basic steps in the scientific method
Problem statement
This is the identification of the problem that requires research to be carried out on it. It must be stated in a way to convince the why it is a problem that requires attention (Bailey, 2014).
Literature review
This stage provides further proof of the existence of the problem stated and is based on secondary research about the topic and what has been researched so far about the problem.
Hypothesis
This is a speculation about the outcome of the problem statement once researched and is meant to be proved or disregarded.
Testing hypothesis
Testing of the speculative statement requires proof of research and is tested through identifying whether the stated hypothesis is true or not.
Sampling
A sample is a small representation of the overall population and which is going to participate in the research process. The results from the samples will be generalized to the population. Different sampling techniques are used with the sample to organize them ready for collecting data (Creswell & Clark, 2011).
Data collection
This is the process of taking data from the samples chosen earlier through employment of different methods. Different methods are used to gather the data to ensure all the important information is collected and to ensure the collected information can be verified (Kumar, 2005).
Data analysis
This is where the data collected is synthesized and analyzed in order to seek its meaning and for interpretation later. A series of different formulas are employed in the analysis (Creswell & Clark, 2011).
Communication of results
The analyzed and interpreted results are then communicated to the population and published for future referral. They will be communicated depending on the problem statement to support or refute its importance to the target group.
References
Bailey, K. (2014). Methods of Social Research. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Creswell, J. & Clark, V. (2011). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. New York: SAGE.
Kumar, R. (2005). Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners. New York: SAGE Publications.