Attachment Style(family Communication) – Essay Example
Attachment Style: Family Communication An attachment style is one’s basic cognitive, behavioral and emotional orientation towards others in a relationship. Basically it is how somebody responds when in a relationship with others. Attachment styles are defined by two dimensions; the level anxiety and degree of avoidance (Forsyth 94). Infant-parent attachment is the first relationship and lays the foundation for infant’s future social relationships (Kail and Cavanaugh 176). The type of attachment developed at infancy will influence the child’s relationship with others.
There are basically four attachment styles or types which are: preoccupied, fearful, secure, and dismissing attachment styles (Forsyth 95). Preoccupied attachment style is characterized by high anxiety and low avoidance. The person seeks out relationship but worries a lot about rejection. Fearful attachment style is high in anxiety and high in avoidance. People with type of attachment style are insecure about themselves and they fear rejection by others. Dismissing attachment style is characterized by high avoidance and low anxiety. The person is not interested in making relationships or joining groups. Secure attachment style is low in both anxiety and avoidance. The person is self confident and ready to make relationships with others. This is the strongest attachment style (Forsyth 95). Secure attachment style people feel sense of worthiness and that other people are generally accepting and responsive (Bartholomew and Horowitz 227).
Nelson Mandela is an example of a person with a secure attachment style. He values other people a lot. President Robert Mugabe is an example of a dismissing style. He does not like associating with other people especially those who come from Western countries. President of Iran Mahamoud Ahmadinejad is an example of a fearful style. He is anxious to go on with the nuclear plans but avoids confrontation with other states. Tiger Woods is an example of a preoccupied style. He had many illegal relationships but still avoided to loss the one he had (legal marriage).
Bartholomew Kim and Horowitz Leonard. “Attachment Styles Among Young Adults: A Test Of A Four-Category Model.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 61. 2 (1991): 226-244. Print.
Forsyth, Donelson. Group Dynamics. Cengage Learning, 2009. Print.
Kail Robert and Cavanaugh John. Human Development: A Life-Span View. Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.