Attachment Theory(family Communication) – Essay Example
Your full September 28, Attachment Style An attachment style is a habitual way a person engages with the significant others in his life. A person’s attachment with close relationships is influenced by two dimensions: anxiety and avoidance in which he possesses positive or negative views of self and others respectively. The attachment style nurtures since the early childhood, that is, the “infant-caregiver initial bonding” (Canary and Dainton 87) inflicts a lifelong impact upon the behavioral patterns of an individual with which he engages with his close relationships and friends.
There are four categories of attachment style: secure, anxious, avoidant, and fearful-avoidant and disorganized (Johnson and Whiffen 301). The secure style is low in anxiety and avoidance. The anxious style is high in anxiety and low in avoidance. The avoidant style is high in avoidance and low in anxiety. The fearful-avoidant or disorganized style is high in both anxiety and avoidance. These attachment styles affect the strength of close connections through support-seeking or protest-at-separation attitudes.
India’s tennis star Sania Mirza is an example of secure attachment style. Born in India, she married a Pakistani athlete that shows that she is neither fearful at her part nor avoidant of others. Britney Spears is an example of anxious style because her divorce story tells enough of her insecurities. Prince Charles of Wales is an example of avoidant style because he approves of himself but carried a bad marital relationship. Michael Jackson is regarded as a fearful-avoidant personality as his life history shows high anxiety within and high dismissiveness toward others.
Canary, Daniel J. and Marianne Dainton. “Maintaining Relationships.” Maintaining Relationships Through Communication: Relational, Contexual, and Cultural Variations. USA: Routledge, 2003.
Johnson, Susan M. and Valerie E. Whiffen. “The Applicability of Attachment Theory to Same Sex Couples.” Attachment Processes in Couple and Family Therapy. USA: Guilford Press, 2005.