Biology – Essay Example
AR Human Genetics Human Genetics Ethics form the basis of life for an individual as illustrated by the studies of philosophy. Different ethical issues have arisen over these years regarding different aspects of life. One such ethical issue involved with human genetics is of the stem cell research. Stem Cells are those cells which are found in all multicellular organisms such as human beings. Stem cells have the potential to divide continuously and form complex structures which are known as organs. These organs then work together in a systemic manner to produce a living human being. Thus stem cells are the basic root for the existence of the multicellular organisms. The ethical issue arises in the concept of retrieving the stem cells from human embryos. In the process of retrieving the stem cells the scientists have to destroy the human embryo and in this process a death of a human being may be caused as believed by the opponents of stem cell research. These opponents argue that a life emerges the very moment a zygote is formed because of fertilization and after this process the killing of the child would be unethical and against the rules of this world. (George & Gomez-Lobo 2002, 258). However the proponents believe that the embryo has yet not developed enough to be called a human being and thus a life is not being taken. The proponents argue that zygote is not a complex organ or group of cells which are working in coordination to form a life. They are merely cells which might or may not give birth to an organism (Smith & Brogaard 2003). Even though Stem Cell research promises new medical therapies to be derived for the already lethal diseases it has yet not proved to be as much beneficial as pointed out by the medical therapists. The question now arises as to if it is worth enough to kill an embryo or even destroy it for the sake of researches on stem cells or not.
George, R.P., and Gomez-Lobo, A., 2002, “Statement of Professor George (Joined by Dr. Gomez-Lobo),” in Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry, report by the Presidents Council on Bioethics: 258-266.
Smith, B., and Brogaard, B., 2003, “Sixteen Days,” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 28: 45-78.