Business Ethics – Essay Example
There are three types of justice known to man. Although these may not necessarily be defined in a fashion that is identified as universal, the commonjuncture is that each kind of justice represents a part of human thinking that seeks to justify and clarify. The differences in the three kinds of justice are solidified by their boundaries and realm of functionality.
The first is universal justice. It is the kind of justice that is all-encompassing, in the essence that defining its boundaries are quite confusing. To simplify matters it is the natural law that is followed without question. Although it may have been questioned once, the inquiries have come to a halt and what remains is the common notion that it answers to what is believed to be due. This is related with the Golden Rule that states to not do unto others what you do not others do unto you. In a significant way, this justice is an expression of equity; that which you have given will be given back to you. This is also the most primeval form of justice when the judicial system has not been thought about. It is the natural way of living that has been practiced long ago and is still existent. It is actually rooted in all the laws being passed on today.
To exemplify, a person that is living in his house does not simply covet one’s own house without any inkling of personal property. If he wishes not to be robbed, then he in turn will not rob anybody of his personal possession. One will also share what he has if he wants to be given anything back when his own need arises.
The second form of justice is social justice. While universal justice treats everyone fairly and equally, social justice tends to identify depending on those that follow social mores. The society dictates what is wrong and what is right, and those that fail to follow are seen as deviants. The laws are only applicable to a certain society and the differences in the societal norms all over the world makes for the failure to encompass everyone. Social justice believes that for a man to know what is wrong and right he must be educated. Education is essential when one is supposed to live with what the society dictates. Anyone who is not properly educated about the norms is said to be ignorant. The justice that is served in a socially adamant sphere is dependent on the consensus of the majority; the difficulties of fathoming how such laws are thought of is known only to the members of the society and does not come naturally.
An example is the ancient code of Hamurabi which says that a criminal must pay for the crime that he has committed no matter how morose. If he has stolen, then he must lose the arm that has brought about the action of stealing. However, in the formal judicial law, it is said that anybody who have committed a crime is sentenced to serve in the jailhouse for a number of years determined by how heavy the crime is. Each crime is given the same sentence—to be in jail—and only differs in how long one is to stay. Even in these cases, a parole system is available for those who have shown exemplary actions while serving their sentence. As the society believes in the notion that anyone can change, this is socially acceptable.
The third and most restrictive kind of justice is the criminal justice, which is also the most established. This is characterized by the laws as we know them and any untoward crime is paid with penalty. This kind of law seeks to enlighten individuals about an environment that categorizes people as either good or bad. The bad, if apprehended, is kept together in a jailhouse and is asked to reform themselves so that they may come out. The good, however, is given all the privileges of freedom and social graces.
Even when the bad have completely served his sentences and is deemed good enough to be released, he is not accepted as equally as a freeman should be. The taint in his history makes him a threat to his fellow citizens albeit the fact that he have proven himself capable of change.
Every action that aims to threaten the life of an individual and disrupts its natural phase is considered a crime and is served justly. The justice system may be harsh, but it is kept that way so that the good people will feel safe within their houses. Any kind of threat not answered by the law is discussed and included so that all instances of bad behavior will be legally penalized.
An example would be of a homeless father who needs to give his children food. Because he does not money, he is obliged to commit the crime of stealing to provide for his family. However, the convenience store he robs has a guard that catches him. After trial he is sentenced to serve three years in prison regardless that his children will be fatherless all the while. Because he has done wrong, no matter the motivation, he is subjected to the law. His children would have to make do without him.