Defining Race And Ethnicity By Richard T. Schaefer. Published By Prentice-Hall. Copyright 2006 By – Essay Example

Defining Race and Ethni by Richard T. Schaefer Racism is not new to our society. It has been a recurring prejudicial stigma since time immemorial. Racism is defined by Random House Dictionary as “a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that ones own race is superior and has the right to rule others.” Schaefer (2006) proffered a comprehensive discourse on understanding race and ethnicity. He indentified the minority group as being classified into four types: racial, ethnic, religious, and gender. He traced the origins of race using sociological and theoretical perspectives giving emphasis to its biological meaning. Likewise, Schaefer discussed the three theoretical perspectives as functionalist, conflict and labeling perspectives with differentiating factors on stability and stereotyping.
Schaefer expounded on issues pertaining to the creation of subordinate groups’ classes through migration, annexation and colonialism. The role of globalization as contributory to migration has been increasing and marked the interconnected relationship among culture and economic structures. Finally, the critical consequences of subordinate-group status were discussed highlighting extermination, expulsion, secession, segregation, fusion, and assimilation as its repercussion. The condition of pluralism in society has been a welcome effect of accepting diversity in culture as part of the modern society.
Since the United States have been home to a wide variety of cultures, an educational system that caters to the diversity have been accommodated and incorporated in the curriculum. By eroding that perceived wall of prejudice that preeminently existed for so many years, a giant step to erase the attitude of racism has been made. Researches have already identified the concepts, problems, nature, causes, and even solutions to racism. The people who are responsible for addressing these issues have already been identified. These are the same people who would definitely benefit from the solutions openly disseminated for the benefit of every society.
References
Random House Dictionary. (2006). Definition of Racism. Retrieved 03 August 2010.

Schaefer, R.T. (2006). Racial and Ethnic Groups. 10th edition. Prentice Hall, Pearson Education,
Inc.