Education And Socialization – Essay Example
Chinese Education and socialization Both family education and school education are special features of Chinese education in general. Good, formal education is highly prized by Chinese families. Formal education in the school system generally begins early in the child’s life, often at three years of age. The socialization of the child that begins with the family education is enhanced here.
Traditionally the Chinese family has followed a somewhat rigid hierarchical structure with the older members of the family highly respected and obeyed by the younger ones. This is an essential feature of Chinese family education and successful socialization of the child into the Chinese culture is achieved via this. The obedience and respect of elders (and educators) demanded of the child are unquestioned even today: the child receives and follows instructions and cultural practice in an unquestioning, passive way. Other features of Chinese family education have a significant effect on children’s socialization also. Chinese parents value command education which means the parents always order their children to study academic skills but ignore their children’s thoughts
The resultant passively receptive attitude to education, initially taught within the family, is carried through to later, formal schooling in the education system. Rote learning is favored in the Chinese education system rather than learning geared to encourage individual thought and independent thinking. Socialization of the Chinese student in the global intellectual community can be compromised because of this.
Chinese parents are highly devoted to their children. Because they feel so special and loved the children gain a sense of their own importance and value in the family. This sense of their own self-worth is further developed via their relationships with their extended family. As the family educates the child into their particular values and customs, the feelings of self worth soon develop into a sense of self-confidence which provides a strong basis for children’s broader socialization as they grow older. Initially it is the family which inculcates their values in the child in the early, formative stages of their education and socialization but the formal education system soon provides further reinforcement of established beliefs and practices. The child is thus successfully socialized within the Chinese community by these means.
Many parents (not just in China) also advocate material stimulation and money worship. A concept of money is inculcated in Chinese children when they are very young. They make money as a kind of reward. For example, the parents reward their children 100 dollars if they help somebody. This system of merit and reward is also present in the formal school setting, though prestige and position (at an appropriate level) rather than money is the immediate reward at school. Society values success and success is most often associated with monetary gain and position and so Chinese children are well socialized
via their early merit-reward education.
Combined, the traditional family education ideals further reinforced by underpinning values of the state education system provide a sense of cohesion and belonging for individuals in Chinese society