Ethical Perspective In Informatics – Essay Example
Ethical perspective in informatics al affiliation: Ethical Perspective in Informatics Principles of Bioethical The four principles of bioethics developed by Beauchamp and Childress (1994) to reflect on the morality and traditional ethics of medical field are: the principle of autonomy, the principle of nonmaleficence, the principle of beneficence and finally the principle of justice and equality. These principles were developed to give a guideline in general and provide obligations whenever considered individually. Under this context the principle of justice and equality is considered to be a fundamental principle in bioethics thus need to be discussed in details.
The principle of justice and equality
Boyle and Rourke (1993) describe justice in relation to medical as dissemination of health care facilities in accordance to a just standard. Distribution of medical resources is carried out according to the principle and not by the needs of the individual or a group of people. This principle is understood as being the moral obligation to respond in accordance to the adjudication among various competing claims (Gillon, 1994). Justice in most cases is linked to the application of fairness to individuals in need, entitlement of resources and practice of equality to the needy individuals. Gillon viewed this principle in three ways which are; justice based on rights which entail respect to other people’s rights, distributive justice and it denotes fair distribution of limited resources among the needy individuals and finally legal justice that emphasizes on the aspect of respect for morality and laws acceptability.
Alperovitch (2009) described equality and equity as major elements accompanying the principle of justice. Alperovitch emphasizes on the fact that each individual has aright to access equal opportunity of treatment no matter of sex, social status ethical background, characteristics of disability, cultural influence among others. Basing on the element of equality in medicare provision, some people are treated with varying degrees compared to others. This element of inequality reflects the intensity of stigmatization to certain groups of people that are devalued basing on certain attributed factors. According to Mahajan (2008), Inequality and discrimination can be based on the degree and structural conflict such as poverty, chauvinism and racism. This is form of discrimination is described as discrimination based on the aspect of power relation and unequal sensitivity (Kelly, 2005).
Importance of The principle of justice and equality
The four-principle of bioethics developed by Beauchamp and Childress emphasizes on key principles formed from reflections on the aspect of morality and medical tradition ethics. When combined, they enhance general guidelines to the medical field to form the social norm. Individually they tend to describe certain obligations made in life. In cases where these principles conflict among each other, the equilibrium has to be established. There is no elaborate consistency of preference instead each principle is of equal significance.
Beauchamp, T.L., Childress, J.F. (1994) Principles of Bioethics. Fourth Edition. New York: Oxford University Press
ORourke, K. D. & Boyle, P. (1993) Medical Ethics: Sources of Catholic Teachings. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.