Just War Theory – Essay Example
Just War Theory The Catholic Church began teachings on war very early. The church has always considered engaging in war as an option of last resort as stated by Cromarttie (2005). The Just War theory sets some difficult conditions which must be satisfied before a party may reasonably engage in war. Saint Augustine of Hippo is the writer to whom the Just War theory is credited. This article will discuss a war that satisfied four of the just war principles namely proper authority, just cause, reasonable hope for success and the war being the last resort to correct a wrong.
The First World War
The First World War satisfied all the above conditions. It had proper authority as before joining the war, the American President sought approval from Congress which overwhelmingly supported the nation’s participation in the war by passing an act that gave authority to the establishment of an army that would fight the war (Cavendish, 2002). The reason for joining the war was also justified; the Germans had attacked American ships and even sunk some despite receiving warnings against committing such actions from the US. The US being a sovereign state had to join the war to stop the Germans from terrorizing its citizens.
The US also felt that it had a reasonable chance of succeeding in the war since it was not going into war alone but with support from allied forces. The US had shown a lot of reluctance in joining the war and had even declared a neutral position at the war’s beginning and attempted to negotiate a peaceful deal between the axis and allies (Mroz, 2009). It was only after Germans started sinking its ships that the US joined the war, the US therefore engaged in the war as a last resort to save its citizens and interest from harm and devastation.
Cavendish, M, History of World War 1, Volume 1. New York: Marshal Cavendish.
Cromartie, M. (2005), Religion, culture, and international conflict: a conversation Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield.
Mroz, A. (2009), American Military Vehicles of World War I: An Illustrated History of Armored Cars, Staff Cars, Motorcycles, Ambulances, Trucks, Tractors and Tanks. North Carolina: McFarland.