Philosophy – Essay Example
Philosophy Karl Marx believed that the greatest good of the greatest number cannot help in resolving conflicts between rights. It was on this basis that Marx tried to justify his support for communism. Marx believed that revolution is in the greatest good of the greatest number and that it would only lead to revolution and would not help to resolve the conflicts that exist between rights. Marx believed that if violence is necessary to achieve the result that would be beneficial for the greatest number, it would not necessarily lead to the resolution of conflicts between rights. The use of violence in this regard would be for the greater good of the greater number. The greatest number in Marx’s view is the proletariat and the result of this revolution would put them in a place to effect change in the society. Karl Marx believes that conflict is inherent in our society and that the proletariat and the bourgeoisie cannot really agree. Hence, the greatest number of the greatest good cannot resolve conflicts between rights (Andersen & Taylor 443).
2. Martin Luther King believed that public policies that are fair to all parties can be agreed by people that have different ideologies to a certain extent. For a public policy to be fair, it has to be for the common good of the average citizen, hence people of different ideologies would have no reason not to accept these public policies. King however believed that the government would never agree to institutionalize public policies that are fair to all and this was the basis of his discontent of the government at that time. It could then be argued that King was also of the opinion that fair public policies cannot be agreed by people of different world views (Andrews).
3. Aristotle and Plato had divergent views on whether forms existed apart from matter. Aristotle was of the opinion that forms do not exist separately, but existed in matter. Plato had a different perspective on the existence of forms. Plato’s premise was based on his belief that reality existed in two levels. Hence, Plato believed that forms exist apart from matter as forms and matter were the representation of the two levels of reality. Aristotle believed that there was only one level of reality and that for forms to exist, it had to exist in form of matter. It could then be concluded that Plato believed in the realm of the things that had the ability to change (matter) and in the realm of the things that are fixed (forms), while Aristotle believed in only one realm of reality and that in this realm, the forms can be found in certain things that have both form and matter (Tarnas 57).
Andersen, Margaret & Taylor, Howard Francis. Sociology: the essentials. New York: Cengage
Andrews, Marcellus. The Political Economy of Hope and Fear: Capitalism and the Black
Condition in America. New York: NYU Press, 2001
Tarnas, Richard. The passion of the Western mind: understanding the ideas that have shaped our
world view. New York: Random House, Inc., 1993