Plato's Ion And Republic Of Mimesis – Essay Example
Teacher Plato’s ‘Ion’ and Book X of ‘Republic’ are criticized as being art’s illusion. Discussing Plato’s theory of ‘eidos’, we can define it as the essence of virtues. Another means or way of interpreting eidos is the quest to find eternal truth. This can be done through objectivity and reason which are perceptual in nature. From that method conceptual ideas such as art kinds become diametrically opposite with Plato’s eidos theory. This is simply because in Plato’s theory subjectivity is considered useless and disregarded. Concepts must seek truth only through objective means.
However, from the ‘Ion’, Socrates and Ion talked about mimesis of great poets. Further, Socrates mentions that all creation is by mimesis and therefore by eidos. Eidos is essence and founded in eternal truth, even nature is a mimesis by eidos. It is through that, that the poet becomes emesis in turn.
From there Ion talks proudly of Homer since according to Ion, Homer is the greatest poet in the world. And even though Ion is perhaps the best authority on Homer, but when considering Socrates allegory on Homer to Polygnotos, the fact that if we imagine Polygnotos to contain the same meaning to Homer, will we be forced to consider the same things that we most understand about Polygnotos? In reply to that, Socrates talks about inspiration. According to Socrates inspiration is not a skill, it is in actuality an expression of mimesis from God’s (eidos) ability.
The ‘Republic’ and ‘Ion’ are parallel works which each in turn talk of art’s mimesis. Indeed art is imitates by eidos’s soul in Book X of 603C to 605A Plato argues. The paintings and poetry all arise from nature and related ideas such as essential idea, concept, belief, and expression of emotion are all the results of emesis by eidos. Simply put, in Plato’s theory of ‘eidos’, art doesn’t exist in itself independently rather art is a form of mimesis derived from eidos.