Public Policy Formulation And Implementation – Essay Example
US Presidents and Public Policy Administration The twentieth century America since World War II witnessed tremendous social changes all attributed to an array of public policies initiated by the US presidents namely John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and lately Barak Obama.
Among them Kennedy is of my special interest for he was the man who molded the multicultural facet of US community. He introduced the ‘Civil Rights Act’ in June 11 2003 which was later signed by his successor LBJ in 1964. The Act in fact, was the aftermath of the African American Civil Rights Movement led by Martin Luther King (Alexander, Rucker, 841). The Act determined all sorts of discrimination on the grounds of nationality, race, age, or sex illegal. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established to enforce the new non-discrimination policy.
My second preference goes to Lyndon B. Johnson for he was dare enough to accomplish the mission of equal rights that Kennedy had envisaged. Followed by the Civil Rights Act, he introduced ‘Voting Rights Act (1965)’ which was another key milestone that ensured equal citizenship and racial minorities’ right to vote. He could pursue the concept of the ‘Great Society’ by introducing numerous welfare programs like Medicare, Medicaid, and educational endowments. The statistics shows that his policy opened new opportunities for the minorities. For instance, by 1970, 21.7 percent of the black men and 36.1 percent of the black women got white-collar jobs; whereas, in 1940 it was only 5.2 percent and 4.3 percent respectively (Whitfield, 273).
Finally, what makes president Obama of my special interest is his genuine concern to Healthcare Reform. Obama’s plan offers a public insurance firm in the form of a cooperative which will ensure affordable health insurance coverage for all, irrespective of age, sex or risk factors (The Obama Plan). In my opinion, healthcare is the most fragmented industry in the United States as the country spends a higher proportion of its gross domestic products on healthcare services. At this juncture, Mr. Obama’s plan is appreciable because it would help people save considerable amount of their healthcare expense every year.
Alexander L M., Rucker W C. (Eds.). Encyclopedia of African American History.
“The Obama Plan”. Organizing for America. 22 May, 2010
Whitfield S J. (Ed.). Companion to Twentieth-Century America. Wiley-Black, 2004.