What Were The Causes Of The Korean And Vietnam Wars Why Was The United Nations At Least Partially – Essay Example

Korean War and Vietnam War Causes of the Korean War and Vietnam Wars The Korean War took place between the years of 1950 to 1953 and was the resultant conflict between the regimes of Republic of Korea and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Republic of Korea was backed by the United Nations where as People’s Republic of China (PRC) and Soviet Union supported Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
There are many causes that led to this military conflict between Republic of Korea and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. However, the chief reason viewed behind this conflict was the failure to establish democracy throughout the entire peninsula and the failure to hold free general elections in the year 1948 agitated the tensed situation between the two blocks of the Korean peninsula. The North Korea established a communist government and the 38th Parallel gradually attained almost a political border dividing the two Koreas and a complete failure of communication initially paved the way for the most significant conflict after the Cold War.
The initial root of Vietnam War was delved deep into the fact that indicates occupancy of a considerable area in Indochina - Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam which was a French colony by the Japanese at the end of the Second World War. In the year 1941, a nationalist movement in Vietnam took place under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh. The movement was named Viet Minh and it waged a guerrilla war against the Japanese occupier and with the help of the United States, it was able to gain nominal independence for their country.
Causes for the Success of United Nations in Korea but Failure of United States in Vietnam
The success of United Nations in Korea and on the other hand, the failure of United States in Vietnam is actually due to the differences of perceptions in terms of international response. During the time of war, South Korea was the member of United Nations already. It became much easier for the United Nations to declare the North Korea as an aggressor and led them to summon the members for the moral and material support to aid the distressed South. On the contrary, Vietnam was fought far away from any political shelter aid or support of UN. It was largely fought and organised by United States and its army and initially they did it to push off the Japanese invasion and later on to stop the expansion of communism over the area under the threat of “domino theory” and lost much of the international support near the end of the insurgency.
Difference in the Military Strategy
After a close inspection into the war strategies taken at both the Korean War and Vietnam War, it is observed that there is a vast difference of fighting style as well as strategy, in both the cases. In the Korean War, it is a more organised sort of military invasion and with the formal implementation of air force and weapons it is more shaped as a formal military invasion. On the other hand the military activities raised by the Viet Minh have followed a guerrilla kind of warfare.
Bibliography
Hyatt, John. “Korean War, 1950-1953”. August 10, 2010. AIR University. December 10, 1996.
Nelson, Cary, “About the Vietnam War [1960 – 1975]”. August 10, 2010. University of Illinois. No Date.