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One page summary of Artificial Reproduction in Humans The article Artificial Reproduction in Human covers certain details about human intervention inreproduction. It reviews techniques, applications, and ethics behind the trend.
The article covers three techniques: in-vitro fertilization (IVF), artificial insemination (AI), and embryo transplantation. During IVF, fertilized embryos are replaced within the egg-donor’s uterus for gestation producing what is commonly known as a test tube baby. AI is where sperm are taken from a male and placed in the cervix or uterus of a female for fertilities. Embryo transplantation is similar IVF fertilization but the fertilized embryos are placed within the uterus of a surrogate.
These techniques are to help couples who cannot have children biologically or cannot adopt children. Some scenarios include low or no sperm count in males or no ovulation in females or diseases such as diabetes. It has also helped single parents and same sex partners to have children of their own.
But what would happen if people started using artificial reproduction for wants instead of needs? Most ethical considerations with respect to human intervention in reproduction demark a line between need and want. The Roman Catholic Church has taken a strong stand against artificial reproduction because it is reasoned that it is contrary to the natural order. Science has warned against unintentional inbreeding. Others worry about the psychological implications of a person born through these means. What would it mean for their identity? How would it affect their sense of social continuity to their origins?
The article Artificial Reproduction in Human covers certain details about human intervention in reproduction. In so doing, it reviews some techniques, applications, and morality behind the trend.