Airspace Redesign Project – Research Paper Example

Running Head: AIRSPACE REDESIGN PROJECT A Summary Report on the New York/ New Jersey/ Philadelphia Metropolitan Area Airspace Redesign Project [Student’s Name]
[Course]
15 April 2010
Abstract
This is a personal interpretation of my understanding of the New York/ New Jersey/ Philadelphia Metropolitan Area Airspace Redesign Project based on readings presented on the US Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration homepage www.faa.gov. The paper discusses the bottomline objective of the project and describes succinctly the phases of implementation and dates. The document closes by sharing initial success observed by the agency upon initial execution.
The Airspace Redesign Project
The New York (LGA and JFK), New Jersey (EWR) and Philadelphia (PHL) airports are known to cater to most of the delayed flights in the country (Schlangenstein& Credeur, 2010). Apart from the increased amount of flights entering and leaving the area, the airports’ original design was based on 1960’s flight information which is obsolete in today’s times. Thus, the U. S. Department of Tourism Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) initiated a project to improve air traffic in these airports called the Airspace Redesign Project. In September 2007, a Record of Decision by the FAA details the implementation of the project with an overall objective to move into an integrated airspace which will allow the use of technology to reduce terminal separation distance of airplanes from the standard five nautical miles to three nautical miles (p.1). The project will be implemented in four stages.
In December of 2007 Stage 1 of the project commenced. The scope is to introduce new dispersal headings at PHL and EWR. Such changes reduced taxi times and increased departures reducing overall delays by 20% (FAA video, 2010, 6:55). Stage 2’s scope involves changes in the air. The boundaries of the New York Center Airspace (ZNY) will be expanded to be included in the New York Tracon (N90) control tower. While southeastern parts of ZNY and northern parts of the Washington Center Airspace (ZDC), used to be solely controlled by the Washington Flight Center, will now be included in PHL. This stage is on-going implementation until October 2011. Stage 3 involves further airspace integration dealing with Northwest departures from N90 expanding boundaries in ZNY, inclusion of southern parts of Boston Airspace (ZBW) into N90 for improvement of North and East departures, and the inclusion of northwestern parts of ZDC also in N90 for South departures. All such airspace redesign completes by November 2011 in preparation for Stage 4 which is the full integration of all the changes and improvements made, to be completed by September 2012.
Upon implementation of Stage 1, FAA reported success in its April 2009 Operational Assessment Report noting improved efficiencies in both EWR and PHL runways (p.3). More flights were able to leave per hour on both runways and even achieved earlier take-offs consistently. As much as 7% more aircrafts left per hour in EWR vs. pre-Stage 1 implementation while as much as 12% reduction in taxi time was observed per aircraft in PHL. These results clearly show that the project is headed in the right direction and should see the full benefits of a more efficient Metropolitan Area Airports by 2012.
References
Schlangenstein, M. & Credeur, M.J. (2010). New York Airports Account for 41 of 50 Most-Delayed Flights. Bloomberg News. Retreived on 14 April 2010 at .
US Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration. (2010, April). NYNJPHL Airspace Redesign Implementation Schedule - FY10 Q2. Retreived on 13 April 2010 at < http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/nas_redesign/regional_guidance/eastern_reg/nynjphl_redesign/implementation/>.
US Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration. (2010, April). Stages of Implementation of the Airspace Redesign. Retreived on 13 April 2010 at < http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/nas_redesign/regional_guidance/eastern_reg/nynjphl_redesign/implementation/>.
US Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration. (2010, September 28). Corrected Record of Decision New York/New Jersey/Philadelphia Metropolitan Area Airspace Redesign. Retreived on 13 April 2010 at < http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/nas_redesign/regional_guidance/eastern_reg/nynjphl_redesign/documentation/media/ROD_090507.pdf>.
US Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration. (2009, April 15). NY/NJ/PHL Metropolitan Area Airspace Redesign Operational Assessment Report. Retreived on 13 April 2010 at .
US Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration. (2010, January 6). A Video Overview on the NY/NJ/PHL Metropolitan Area Airspace Redesign Project. Retreived on 13 April 2010 at < http://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/nas_redesign/regional_guidance/eastern_reg/nynjphl_redesign/congress_vids/>.