Purposes Of Criminal Justice – Research Paper Example
Purposes of Criminal Justice The first major purpose of criminal justice is deterrence which is divide into two head that is general deterrence under which a person’s sentence for the committing of a crime is used as an example to refrain people from indulging in such and specific deterrence is where a person who commits an offence is put off from committing crime in future.
Incapacitation is where an offender is removed from society and making it impossible (very difficult) for any further commission of crime by him while he is serving his sentence.
Under rehabilitation the offender is tried to be changed by using corrective measures and interventions including drug treatment programs.
Retribution is where the notions of fairness and proportionality are used and the moral blameworthiness are measured. This takes into account the seriousness of the crime and then decides for the punishment. This creates a problem of weighing objectively such a measure. Thus the past is looked into in order to evaluate what is to be done in the present.
The criminal justice tends to focus on the consequences of the punishment, by adjusting to criminals and fitting in the penalty by applying fairness and proportionality. The morals of people are kept intact by the purposes specified above thereby fulfilling what is required from criminal justice and keeping it efficient.
A society can implement strict rules for crimes that have a high record of occurrence thereby deterring people and scrutinise closely the acts of frequent wrongdoers. Furthermore the for purposes need to be reformed now and then with an evaluation of their efficiency.
Albanese, J. S. (2008). Professional ethics in criminal justice: Being ethical when no one is looking. Boston, Mass. ;London: Allyn and Bacon